Researchers say abstinence model doesn't consider violence against women
May 08 2004 12:00 AM ET
Although the Bush administration is pushing an HIV prevention approach overseas that stresses abstinence and monogamy as the best methods to prevent transmission of the virus, U.S. researchers report that approach doesn't take into account violence against women and sexual coercion, which are common in some developing nations. Their research, published in the May 1 edition of The Lancet, came in response to a South African study showing that women reporting violence or control by a sexual partner were almost 50% more likely to be HIV-positive than their peers. Two factors were associated with the higher HIV risk--receiving physical abuse from a male partner and being in a relationship with a controlling partner. Abstinence-based HIV prevention efforts also don't take into account that cultures in many developing countries permit men to have sex outside of marriage or that many migrant workers commonly have sex with prostitutes, then bring HIV back to their spouses.
"We postulate that abusive men are more likely to have HIV and impose risky sexual practices on partners," the researchers say. "Research on connections between social constructions of masculinity, intimate partner violence, male dominance in relationships, and HIV risk behaviors in men as well as effective interventions are urgently needed." In an accompanying editorial in The Lancet, Sandra Martin and Sian Curtis of the University of North Carolina write, "Strong emphasis on abstinence among the young will be of limited use in settings in which many young women are forced to have sex against their will."
- The Striking Muxe: Mexico's Third Gender
- Fox's Newest Cop Comedy Is Quietly Breaking Ground
- Game of Thrones Actor Kristian Nairn Reveals He's Gay
- Gay Tenn. 12-Year-Old Still Fighting the ‘Don’t Say Gay’ Bill He Helped Kill
- Op-ed: What People Don't Get About Dismay Over Jared Leto
- Is Mr. Peabody & Sherman About Adoption by Gays?
- Media Chicago Monthly Paper Threatens to Out Aldermen 1 hour 45 min ago
- Travel VIDEO: George Takei at Austin's SXSW Festival 7:17 PM
- Women WATCH: Bisexuality v. Pansexuality - We Discuss the Difference 7:02 PM
- Television WATCH: Honey Maid's Newest Commercial Features Gay Families 6:45 PM
- Women 5 Things That Pissed Us Off This Week: Homegrown Homophobia 6:27 PM
- Religion Far-Right Minister: Gays Responsible for Ukraine Crisis 6:25 PM
- Travel Copenhagen: The Gayest Place in 2014 5:55 PM