Hagel, nominated by President Obama as secretary of Defense, has opposition from his own party, the Republicans, because of policy differences, and from LGBT activists because of past statements.
The new version of the Violence Against Women Act prohibits denial of services due to a victim's sexual orientation.
Sen. Tom Harkin promises to get a federal antidiscrimination bill through committee this year, while President Obama may sign an executive order banning discrimination by government contractors.
Two couples will be guests at the State of the Union, including one couple fighting to stay together in the U.S.
The Defense of Marriage Act still prevents some benefits from being extended to same-sex military families and couples.
Chief Warrant Officer Charlie Morgan died Sunday, after a long battle with cancer.
A senior Russian politician has threatened to shut down LGBT websites, claiming they "promote homosexuality."