Bayard Rustin Residence, New York City
Bayard Rustin was a key figure in the movement for African-American equality, but he has only belatedly received credit for his efforts — as a gay man, he had to keep a low profile at the height of the movement, in the 1960s. His contributions were huge, though; he organized the August 28, 1963, March for Jobs and Freedom in Washington D.C., famed as the event at which Martin Luther King Jr. gave his "I Have a Dream" speech. Rustin was one of King's most important and trusted colleagues. Rustin's work did not end with the 1960s; in the 1980s, he lobbied the New York City Council for gay rights. “No group is ultimately safe from prejudice, bigotry, and harassment so long as any group is subject to special negative treatment,” he told the council. He was also active in movements for world peace, assistance to refugees, and economic justice. He bought an apartment in this building at the Penn South Complex in New York's Chelsea neighborhood in 1962, and it remained his home until his death in 1987. His partner, Walter Naegle, still lives there and has maintained it much as it was during Rustin's life. It was named to the National Register last March.