The Islamic State in December 2014 released a penal code that designated homosexuality as a crime punishable by death, and since that time it has executed dozens of individuals, according to the Counter Extremism Project. Experts estimate at least 36 men had been publicly executed as of December 2015, and killings have continued since then. In a single day in 2015, 10 suspected gays, including a 15-year-old, were brutally killed. Videos have been released showing ISIS soldiers hurling men from the tops of buildings to waiting crowds who continue stoning the men on the ground. Some 400 self-identified LGBT Syrian refugees have escaped ISIS rule, according to the Organization for Refuge, Asylum, and Migration.