Hollywood Regency and the Woolf Pack

Hollywood Regency and the Woolf Pack

Architecture in Los Angeles and its region ranges from the divine to the degraded. The influence of the film industry is certainly to blame for the Snow White mansions, bastard Tudors, and ersatz mini-Palaces of Versailles crammed onto postage stamp-sized lots.

On the other hand, some of the most talented and successful designers and architects of the 20th century made Los Angeles their well-designed and decorated home: Elsie De Wolfe, Tony Duquette, Billy Haines, Charles and Ray Eames, John Lautner, and Richard Neutra. There are even a fair share of Frank Lloyd Wright homes dotting the our parched landscape, notably the recently reopened Hollyhock House in Barnsdall Park.

But the current trend favored by those in the know in SoCal (Kelly Werstler among them) has been the native-born look of Hollywood Regency.

Young and good-looking, John Elgin Woolf came to Hollywood in 1936 with the hope of landing a role in Gone With the Wind. But his meeting with gay director George Cukor shaped his path as an architect and designer to the stars.

The Palos Verdes Art Center is mounting the first-ever exhibition of Woolf’s collection of drawings, schematics, and renderings, which have been housed at the University of California, Santa Barbara. The exhibit opens Friday and runs through May 29. (See the end of this article for information on the Mid-Century Desert Dream House Raffle. You can win a beautifully decorated John Elgin Woolf home.)

Woolf gave film royalty a new luxury style. According to The New York Times, Woolf "established a new vocabulary for glamorous movie-star living ... synthesized 19th-century French, Greek Revival, and Modernist touches into a heady mixture that has since been christened Hollywood Regency, which foreshadowed aspects of postmodernism." He designed houses for many luminaries, including Judy Garland, Cary Grant, Bob Hope, David O. Selznick, Katharine Hepburn, and Spencer Tracy.

Woolf worked primarily in Bel Air and Beverly Hills, often renovating older buildings, but also did work as far away as Nassau, such as the residence for Lady Stanley of Alderley, also known as the fourth Mrs. Clark Gable. One of his largest projects was the design of Marrakesh Country Club in Palm Desert, Calif.

Woolf's other great creation was an imaginatively structured love and family life. In a detailed and delicious account of Woolf's career and life in a 2009 Vanity Fair article, special correspondent Matt Tyrnauer tells that Woolf met the man who would be his partner, lover, and eventually adopted son in a shop across from his on Melrose Place called, appropriately enough, Design for Living.

Robert Koch eventually took Woolf's name, but he was much more than a handsome younger lover. He helped shape the business side of John Elgin Woolf's life and turned him into the multimillionaire he eventually became. And as their partnership developed and new young men came onto the horizon they were enfolded into the ménage, and eventually Woolf had three adopted sons who all took his name. They were known in thier intimate circle as the Woolf Pack. And as odd as that may sound to modern, post same-sex marriage ears, that was a way gay men and women tried to legally secure their relationships before there were laws to protect them.

The three sons, Robert Koch Woolf, Gene Oney Woolf, and William Capp Woolf, all eventually ended up living together in their senior years after John Woolf — whom they referred to as 'Papa' — died.

 Frank Ross Residence, 1139 Tower Rd., Beverly Hills. Photograph of exterior entry way with two lamps and Asian-influenced statues. Courtesy Art, Architecture & Design Museum, UCSB

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Tags: Art, Art

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