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Gay couples get
licenses in New Jersey

Gay couples get
licenses in New Jersey


Hundreds of gay couples were granted the same state-level legal rights, if not the same title, as married couples Monday as New Jersey became the third state to offer civil unions.

Hundreds of gay couples were granted the same state-level legal rights, if not the same title, as married couples Monday as New Jersey became the third state to offer civil unions. More than a dozen other couples applied for licenses for ceremonies later in the week.

The civil unions, which offer the legal benefits but not the title of marriage, were granted automatically to the hundreds of gay New Jersey couples who had previously been joined in civil unions or married in other states or nations. Couples who had not been joined previously could apply for licenses but must wait 72 hours before they can hold civil union ceremonies, the same waiting period for weddings.

Several, like Marty Finkle and Michael Plake, plan to exchange vows Thursday. "This is as close to marriage as we're going to get for right now," Finkle said after he and Plake applied for their civil union license at the town hall in South Orange early Monday. A few dozen friends and local officials cheered as they filled out the requisite form.

New Jersey lawmakers hastily created civil unions in December, less than two months after a state supreme court decision held that gay couples had a right to the same benefits as married couples. Supporters of same-sex marriage say they may sue, contending that civil unions do not create the equality the court ordered. They also say they will push lawmakers to allow gay couples to marry.

Some social conservative groups, meanwhile, are pledging to block same-sex marriage by pressing for an amendment to the state constitution that prohibits such unions. Forty-five states have laws or amendments that ban same-sex marriage.

In New Jersey a constitutional amendment requires voter approval. In polls conducted since October, state voters have said they are more comfortable with civil unions than with allowing gay couples to marry.

Among the hundreds of benefits under the civil unions law, gay couples get rights dealing with adoption, child custody, visiting a hospitalized partner, making medical decisions, and access to health insurance coverage that employers offer spouses of workers. Civil union partners also now have the right not to testify against a partner in state court.

However, the federal government and most states do not recognize the unions. That means, for instance, that a surviving member of a civil union would not be entitled to his deceased partner's Social Security benefits. And if a partner is hospitalized in another state, the other may not be allowed to visit.

Only one state, Massachusetts, allows marriage for same-sex couples. Connecticut, Vermont, and California have laws similar to New Jersey's, though California calls its system domestic partnerships.

Despite the Presidents' Day holiday, a handful of town halls around the state opened to accept license applications for the unions. At least 20 couples applied in Asbury Park, Collingswood, Lambertville, and South Orange.

Thomas Mannix and Kevin Pilla arrived at Asbury Park City Hall about 11:30 p.m. Sunday so they could be among the first to fill out the application. "The things being granted are long overdue and very important to have, so we wanted to take advantage of it as soon as it was available," said Mannix, a 44-year-old business analyst.

Mannix said he and Pilla would hold a simple ceremony on Thursday as part of a party sponsored by Garden State Equality, a statewide gay rights group. They and several other couples said they were happy with the rights provided by civil unions but still want their relationships to be recognized as marriage. (Geoff Mulvihill, AP)

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