Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton delivered a speech to LGBT personnel Wednesday in which she remarked upon developments that have helped diversify the American diplomatic corps and advance human rights priorities within U.S. foreign policy over the past two decades.
Clinton spoke at the 20th anniversary celebration for the affinity group, Gays and Lesbians in Foreign Affairs Agencies (GLIFAA), which includes hundreds of members from the State Department, USAID, the Peace Corps, the Foreign Agricultural Service, the Foreign Commercial Service, the Millennium Challenge Corporation, and all foreign affairs units of the U.S. government. The afternoon event in the Benjamin Franklin Room at the State Department in Washington, D.C. drew about 200 attendees.
GLIFFA was founded in 1992 to address discrimination encountered by LGBT individuals in the security-clearance process. Clinton spoke of the evolution since then, including the extension of benefits to the same-sex domestic partners of employees during her tenure, and her landmark speech in Geneva last year in which she declared "gay rights are human rights."
"We've come a long way since then, and we have seen milestones along that journey over the last 20 years," said the former First Lady. "I remember that I think on my husband's first day in office back in '93, he announced that gays and lesbians working in the federal government would receive equal treatment under the Civil Service Reform Act. Two years later, Secretary Warren Christopher made clear those rules would be enforced within the halls of the State Department when he issued a statement that explicitly prohibited discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation."
Clinton, who has indicated her intention to step down in the near future, spoke about the importance of having a diplomatic corps that reflects the diversity of the world.
"It's also smart because it makes us better advocates for the values that we hold dear," she said. "Because when anyone is persecuted anywhere, and that includes when LGBT people are persecuted or kept from fully participating in their societies, they suffer, but so do we. We're not only robbed of their talents and ideas, we are diminished, because our commitment to the human rights of all people has to be a continuing obligation and mission of everyone who serves in the Government of the United States. So this is a mission that I gladly assume. We have to set the example and we have to live up to our own values."
The Secretary of State did not mention the legislation under consideration in Uganda that could include the death penalty for homosexual acts, according to Metro Weekly. Lawmakers in the East African country could vote on the bill as soon as this week, but it remains unclear whether the most controversial provision has been removed.
Clinton gave special mention to Tom Gallagher, who became the first openly gay Foreign Service officer in the early 1970s. Other LGBT leaders who attended the event included U.S. ambassador to New Zealand David Huebner, former U.S. ambassador to Romania Michael Guest, Human Rights Campaign President Chad Griffin, White House LGBT liaison Gautam Raghavan and Amanda Simpson, the first openly transgender woman appointed to any U.S. administration, the Washington Blade reported.
Additional speakers included Clinton's chief of staff Cheryl Mills, GLIFAA President Ken Kero-Mentz, USAID deputy administrator Donald Steinberg, and Daniel Baer, the deputy assistant secretary of state for the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor.
Read the full transcript of Secretary Clinton's remarks on the next pages.
SECRETARY CLINTON: Thank you. Thank you. Thank you all, very much. Thank you. Thank you. Thank you. Thank you. (Laughter.) Thank you, all. Thank you.
Yeah, that's good. (Laughter.) Wow. Well, welcome to the Ben Franklin Room. (Laughter.) And congratulations on your 20th anniversary. I am so pleased to be here and to have this chance to join this celebration. Ken, thank you for your kind words and your efforts here to make this day possible. I am extremely pleased that Cheryl Mills, my friend as well as Chief of Staff and Counselor is here, so that those of you who may not have met her or even seen her, given how shy and retiring she is - (laughter) - can express your appreciation to her for her tireless efforts.
I'm delighted that Deputy Secretary Tom Nides is here. Tom, who some of you know, who you've had a chance to work with him, has been just an extraordinary deputy. Also let me recognize USAID Deputy Administrator Don Steinberg. He's been an unyielding advocate for the LGBT community at USAID. We also have a number of ambassadors and deputy chiefs of mission, both past and present, some of whom have literally traveled from the other side of the world to be here. David, I'm talking about you. And we have Michael Guest with us, our country's first out ambassador to be confirmed by the Senate and someone who's remained an outspoken champion for LGBT rights, despite having to endure countless attacks and threats. Michael, why don't you stand up so that you can be recognized? (Applause.)
Also let me thank the GLIFAA board and members. I just had a chance to meet the board and former presidents. I don't think I've ever been in a room with so many former presidents. (Laughter.) The last count was maybe five. (Laughter.) But it's really due to their leadership over 20 years that GLIFAA has reached this milestone, and it will be up to all of you and those who come after you to keep the work going for the next 20 and the 20 after that.
Now, it wasn't really that long ago since this organization was created, but in many ways it was a completely different world. As we heard, in 1992 you could be fired for being gay. Just think about all of the exceptional public servants, the brilliant strategists, the linguists, the experts fired for no reason other than their sexual orientation. Think of what our country lost because we were unable to take advantage of their hard work, expertise, and experience. And the policy forced people to make terrible choices, to hide who they were from friends and colleagues, to lie or mislead, to give up their dreams of serving their country altogether.
That began to change, in part because of the brave employees here at State, who decided that it was time for the bigotry, the ignorance, the lying, and discrimination to end. The LGBT community deserve the same chance as anyone else to serve. And indeed, as we all know, many had for many years, just without acknowledgment of who they were. So enough was enough, and that's how GLIFAA was formed. And thank goodness it was.
We've come a long way since then, and we have seen milestones along that journey over the last 20 years. I remember that I think on my husband's first day in office back in '93, he announced that gays and lesbians working in the federal government would receive equal treatment under the Civil Service Reform Act. Two years later, Secretary Warren Christopher made clear those rules would be enforced within the halls of the State Department when he issued a statement that explicitly prohibited discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation.
Now over the past four years, we've built on those and other steps to really acknowledge and welcome LGBT people into the State Department family and other agencies. We've extended benefits to same-sex domestic partners of State and USAID employees, Foreign Service officers, personal service contractors, third country nationals at missions overseas. We've institutionalized these changes by creating a classification for same-sex domestic partners in the Foreign Affairs manual. We've also made it clear in our Equal Opportunity Employment statement that the Department doesn't discriminate on the basis of gender identity or expression.
We've helped to make it easier for transgender Americans to change the gender listed on their passports, because our mission is not only to protect the rights and dignity of our colleagues, but also of the American people we serve.
And we've taken this message all over the world, including the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva, where we worked to pass the first ever UN resolution affirming the human rights of LGBT people.
Now, together we have worked to make something very simple and right come true. Our people should not have to choose between serving the country they love and sharing a life with the people they love. And I want to say a few words about why this work is so important.
Now, leaders of all kinds will stand in front of audiences like this and tell you that our most important asset is our people. And of course, that's especially true in diplomacy, where we try to be very diplomatic all the time. But what our success truly depends on is our ability to forge strong relationships and relate to people of all backgrounds. And what that means for me, as your Secretary, is that creating an LGBT-welcoming workplace is not just the right thing to do, it's also the smart thing to do.
In part, that's because the nature of diplomacy has changed, and we should and need to keep up. Today we expect our diplomats to build relationships not just with their counterparts in foreign governments, but with people from every continent and every walk of life. And in order to do that, we need a diplomatic corps that is as diverse as the world we work in.
It's also smart because it makes us better advocates for the values that we hold dear. Because when anyone is persecuted anywhere, and that includes when LGBT people are persecuted or kept from fully participating in their societies, they suffer, but so do we. We're not only robbed of their talents and ideas, we are diminished, because our commitment to the human rights of all people has to be a continuing obligation and mission of everyone who serves in the Government of the United States. So this is a mission that I gladly assume. We have to set the example and we have to live up to our own values.
And finally, we are simply more effective when we create an environment that encourages people to bring their whole selves to work, when they don't have to hide a core part of who they are, when we recognize and reward people for the quality of their work instead of dismissing their contributions because of their sexual orientation or gender identity.
So really, I'm here today to say thank you to all of you. Thank you for your courage and resolve, for your willingness to keep going despite the obstacles - and for many of you, there were and are many. Thank you for pushing your government to do what you know was right, not just for yourselves but for all who come after you.
I want to mention one person in particular who was a key part of this fight, Tom Gallagher. I met Tom earlier. Where is Tom? There you are, Tom. Tom joined the Foreign Service in 1965 and in the early 1970s he risked his career when he came out and became the first openly gay Foreign Service officer. He served in the face of criticism and threats, but that did not stop him from serving. I wanted to take this moment just to recognize him, but also to put into context what this journey has meant for people of Tom's and my vintage, because I don't want any of you who are a lot younger ever to take for granted what it took for people like Tom Gallagher to pave the way for all of you. It's not a moment for us to be nostalgic. It is a moment for us to remember and to know that all of the employees who sacrificed their right to be who they were were really defending your rights and the rights and freedoms of others at home and abroad.
And I want to say a special word about why we are working so hard to protect the rights of LGBT people around the world. And Dan Baer, who works on this along with Mike Posner and Maria Otero, have been great champions of standing up for the rights of LGBT communities and individuals.
We have come such a long way in the United States. Tom Gallagher is living proof of that. And think about what it now means to be a member of a community in this country that is finally being recognized and accepted far beyond what anyone could have imagined just 20 years ago. And remind yourself, as I do every day, what it must be like for a young boy or a young girl in some other part of the world who could literally be killed, and often has been and still will be, who will be shunned, who will be put in danger every day of his or her life.
And so when I gave that speech in Geneva and said that we were going to make this a priority of American foreign policy, I didn't see it as something special, something that was added on to everything else we do, but something that was integral to who we are and what we stand for. And so those who serve today in the State Department have a new challenge to do everything you can at State and AID and the other foreign affairs agencies to help keep widening that circle of opportunity and acceptance for all those millions of men and women who may never know your name or mine, but who because of our work together will live lives of not only greater safety but integrity.
So this is not the end of the story. There's always more we can do to live our values and tap the talents of our people. It's going to be an ongoing task for future Secretaries of State and Administrators at AID and for people at every level of our government. So even as we celebrate 20 years with Ben Franklin looking down at us, I want you to leave this celebration thinking about what more each and every one of you can do - those who are currently serving in our government, those who have served in the past, and those who I hope will decide to serve - to make not only the agencies of our government but our world more just and free for all people.
Thank you very much. (Applause.)