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Police open fire
on AIDS protesters in South Africa

Police open fire
on AIDS protesters in South Africa

Police in Queensland, South Africa, fired rubber bullets and smoke grenades to disperse hundreds of protesters who demanded that the South African government speed up the provision of life-prolonging AIDS drugs, officials said Wednesday. More than 20 people were injured--one of them seriously--in the melee Tuesday at Frontier Hospital in the Eastern Cape, according to activists from the Treatment Action Campaign.

Police said there were no casualties at the scene, but some people may have been hurt in the stampede of people fleeing the area.

Hospital staff called the police when protesters forced their way into wards, intimidated staff, and disrupted services, health department spokesman Sizwe Kutelo said. TAC maintains that the demonstration was peaceful.

Police spokesman Superintendent Gcinikaya Taleni said organizers did not notify authorities of their intention to demonstrate, as required. He confirmed rubber bullets and smoke grenades were used to disperse the crowd, which he put at over 1,500, but said any injuries were as a result of the stampede.

The South African government has drawn criticism for its sluggish response to the AIDS pandemic, which kills more than 600 people a day in South Africa according to United Nations estimates. Until last year it refused to provide antiretroviral drugs through the national health system, citing cost and safety concerns. It has now pledged to provide within five years treatment to all who need it, but activists complain that the process of getting those who qualify on antiretrovirals has been plagued by delays due to bureaucracy and other reasons.

"Despite government's expressed commitment to provide treatment to people with AIDS, many people die without treatment while still on waiting lists," TAC said in a statement Wednesday.

Kutelo insisted the Eastern Cape province was committed to the program but said patients need to be screened and treated for any current infections before they start on antiretrovirals. Kutelo said the province met its target of getting 2,700 patients on treatment by March 2005 and aimed to increase the number to 15,169 by March 2006. So far 6,420 patients are receiving antiretrovirals through the government program, while 10,094 remain on waiting lists, he said.

TAC is planning a mass demonstration in Queenstown on July 26 to denounce police brutality and to reiterate its demands that the government speed the launch and expansion of HIV treatment programs in the province. TAC is urging all civil society organizations and AIDS activists to participate in the demonstration. (AP, with additional reporting by

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